Methodologies & Approaches
By methodology we mean a coherent and logical approach or process for undertaking particular types of tasks or solving particular problems.
"Methodologies are paradigms in action"
New: Evaluative Inquiry Evaluative Inquiry is a methodology to enhance learning in organisations.
New: Appreciative Participatory Planning and Action (APPA) described by PPM&E course participants.
Adaptive management is a cyclical process of managing and learning.
Adult learning circles are groups of people who constructively learn together.
A future search conference is a planning conference that aims to help large diverse groups discover values, purposes and projects they hold in common.
The learning systems methodology focuses on designing systems enabling learning around the experiential learning cycle.
The Logical framework approach is a valuable tool for project planning and management and a common approach for PM&E.
Participatory Learning and Action is an umbrella term for a wide range of participatory methodologies focusing on full participation of people in the processes of learning about their needs and opportunities, and on the action required to address them. PRA is one of these approaches, focusing on the analysis of local problems and the formulation of tentative solutions with local stakeholders. It makes use of a wide range of visualisation methods for group-based analysis to deal with spatial and temporal aspects of social and environmental problems. RAAKS is another participatory learning methodology focusing on generating and sharing knowledge between stakeholders for innovation in rural development.
Soft Systems Methodology (SSM) is an approach to solve complex unstructured human problem situations based on holistic analysis and systems thinking.
Stakeholder analysis is perhaps not a methodology, but a commonly used approach in which many different tools and techniques are used to find characteristics and relations between different stakeholders involved.
Technology of participation (ToP) attempts to provide non-threatening processes to allow individual contributions and an environment which harnesses creativity, encourages differing views to be expressed and explored, develops team relationships and trust, and empowers individuals and groups.