A framework for facilitating Multi-stakeholder processes
The intention of the framework is to combine theory and practice. It recognizes that those involved in leading, managing, supporting or facilitating MSPs need both a good conceptual understanding of social change and a good ‘tool box’ of process methodologies and facilitation techniques in order to create successful processes.
Three Core Elements
There are three interlinked dimensions to the framework:
1) Rationale: This explains why, in an increasingly complex world, multi-stakeholder processes are becoming an important mechanism of governance. It explains how they complement the more formal workings of national governments and international relations. The rationale explores the underlying nature of sustainability and equity problems within the context of recognizing that human societies are best understood as complex adaptive systems. An understanding of this wider context is important for being able to decide whether in a particular situation it makes sense to engage in a multi-stakeholder process (i.e. there is a good rationale for it).
2) Principles: Our view is that MSPs can contribute to bringing about deep and fundamental change in how individuals, organisations and societies behave. This transformative change is necessary to tackle the underlying causes of un-sustainability and inequity. We have identified seven principles about the dynamics of change, that experience has shown need to be considered and integrated into an MSP in order to foster transformative change.
3) Practice: MSPs don’t just happen. They need to be designed and facilitated. There are many practical aspects related to setting them up, who to involve, the methodologies that can be used, the phases they go through and facilitation and process capacities required. This dimension of the framework combines the understanding that combines the rational and principles with a process model to show how in practice MSPs can be designed and facilitated.